Anti-electric universe

October 25, 2021

Back to the Far Far Future 2

Filed under: Uncategorized — davidlpf @ 3:27 am

”So what are we doing here on the opposite side of galaxy?”

”You probably know about the discovery at the Trappest-1 system and that it was a library left behind by a number ancient races. What wasn’t released is the details of what was in library, it was the tale of races mentioned but the details of how the won was left out. By the time we figured out how to translate the information, we had already gone to the system where they imprisoned their rogue inventions. We thought it was beacon inviting us to go this system but it was actually a warning signal not to open up what was on comet in the outer system.”.

The commander made an oh expression with his mouth.

”That would be the capital system of the Empire region. We have had several battles with them over the centuries, specially since I was on route to the Trappest system and several times since then I have been targeted. Sometimes I was lost while in hyperspace for several decades at time in the some of the most remote places while on missions. I have been told why when I made it to Captain. My mission has been to find technologies or find these ancient races so we can get rid of these pest for once and all. So I developed a network of individuals to help me find these things most of them a scattered among the fleet. And you are the newest recruits. .”

”So what do we do now?”

<p”well we="" must="" make="" our="" way="" to="" the="" lexington="" and="" admiral="" cho.="" then="" after="" that="" i="" am="" going="" with="" crew="" do="" some="" scouting="" ahead="" of="" main="" fleet="" for="" a="" while.”.They made it back to the rogues galley and set course for the Lexington. Once they got they got permission to land on the main deck. The Lexington was a similar design as many other carries. But it was only 6 km long and only 6 decks of hanger space. The admiral left by the rear ramp and walked the nearest lift and went to the command area that over looked the landing deck. At was encased a clear transparent walls that had the displays built into the material. There was a larger central holographic console with several officers around including a tall bald man with five diamonds on embedded into the other, the smallest one was for ensign and the fifth was for the lowest rank of admiral, smith had 9 such diamonds on his shoulders. The two talked for a while in the corner of room and the Smith went back . back down the lift and back to the Galley.

The Galley took off and launched out the of the bay and thru the shield to keep in the atmosphere. And they turned with a course heading to a nearby nebula was about a light year away, using the 10 to 1 region of hyperspace it was going to take over a month to get there. Most of the was spent reading articles and papers that were published while most of crew was in hibernation. One night the Commander asked the admiral what the deal with visiting the Lexington and the Admiral stated, “Just catching up with an old friend and one of my operatives.” When the got to the nebula they started the time flying thru it and taking samples. The thing about nebula is that while from far away they look thick close up they don’t really because what you are seeing from a distance is layers upon layers adding over a great distance. They are ticker then surrounding space but they can be very empty compared to solid matter. But they ran scans and found mostly molecular hydrogen with some helium with taces of carbon dioxide, methane and other simple organic compounds with no planets or stars forming so they grabbed some of the gases to refuel the fuel tanks. But then they noticed a beccon in the cloud. And they got the transmission and there were two sets of symbols and there was a nother block of characters slightly different than the others.

October 20, 2021

Galaxies part 1

Filed under: Uncategorized — davidlpf @ 4:12 am

The study of galaxies is a relativity new field but the term is on of the oldest in astronomy. How could that be? Well the term galaxy comes from the Greek which meant spilled which when you look up at the sky thru most of the year there are patches of sky that looks like white milk across the sky from one end to another. And until the invention of the telescope it is thought that the entire universe was within the milky way. But when people started to look around the night sky with telescopes there were regions that look cloudy and were named nebula from the Latin for fog or cloud, so in ancient Rome you could go out into the nebula. One of the first list was of course by Charles Messier list of 110 objects. The thing about telescopes of Messiers time that they were small and couldn’t resolve the objects well enough to tell the difference between planetary nebula which looked like gas planets, regular nebula and galaxies. In the 1780’s William Herschel tried to figure out where in the galaxy the Sun was located by dividing the galaxy into 683 regions and found there was an equal density in all directions and couldn’t determine how far the Sun was from the center of Galaxy.

There are several characteristics that are used to categorize spiral galaxies. The first will be fairly obvious and that is if it has a bar or not. No not a bar like Quarks on DS9 or Cheers, but a solid band of stars that passes straight thru the center and the spirals start at the ends of the bar. Another way to quantify galaxies is the comparing the brightness of the bulge to the disk. Also how tightly wound the spirals are. A galaxy without a bar is either referred to as Sa, Sb,Sc. And if the galaxy is barred they have categories like SBa, SBb,SBc. The difference between an Sa or an Sba is that the Lbulge/Ldisk is around 0.3 and the angle between arms is about 6 degrees.
By the time you get Sc and Sbc’s is that the ratio of the bulge to the disk is about 0.03 and the angle between spirals or arms is about 18 degrees.

Elliptical galaxies have there own parameters to determine what type they are, One parameter is how flat the are, this is done by measuring the short and long radii of the galaxies. The major axis is denoted by the letter α, and the minor axis given by β, and the resulting value ε, ε=1-β/ α, and the categories are rated in terms om 10ε a perfectly spherical elliptical are given a value of E0 and most flattened types are E7. There are several main types of elliptical galaxies, cD types are usually around 1 Mpc in diameter with masses around 1013 solar masses to 10 14 solar masses, with a mass to luminosity ratio around 750 solar masses divided by solar luminosity meaning there is more mass than visible matter which means a lot of dark matter. Than there are the normal elliptical galaxies which are 1 kpc to 200 kpc in diameter with masses of 108 to 10 13 solar masses and the ratio of mass to luminosity is around 100. Then there are the Dwarf elliptical galaxies have masses of 107 to 10 9 solar masses and have a diameter around 10 kpc. The there are the dwarf spherical galaxies that have masses around 107 to 108 solar masses with diameters of 0.1 to 0.5 kpc.

There is more coming < I needed to do research about galaxies and this is a summary of some of my notes.

October 8, 2021

Ex Machina

Filed under: Uncategorized — davidlpf @ 2:29 am

This is an R rated movie so this shouldn’t be watched by young ones and I will try to dodge around directly talking about those bits.

You are a computer programmer for a large search engine company and you are won a trip to your bosses house. The only way to the houses is by helicopter and not directly at his house but in a field some distance from his house where you have to walk along a river until you get there. All you see is a bunch of antennas on a small house but the house is just the top of a building of a complex. You did not win the contest but were selected to be part of a test. The test is not of you but of an artificial intelligence or AI that your boss has developed in secret away from everyone else. This AI is not the first version he has designed over the years and it looks somewhat human.

The test that they are going to perform is a Turing test. A Turing test is a test of an AI to see if they can fool a human into thinking they are talking to a human. The test is named after Alan Turing who is probably one of the fathers of modern computer science, during his career he worked as a code breaker during WW II at Bletchley Park were they tried to break the Enigma machine that the Nazis were used to send code messages. One of the first computers was designed and built to solve this code. But how can a computer fool a person into thinking that it is living being. Most Turing tests are just conversions between a person and either person or a computer over text messages. In the movie the AI it is a bunch of conversations between a robot and the guest. Basic conversation is not good enough to determine whether or not the computer running the robot actually is self aware and talking for itself or whether it is just an algorithm. So the conversations go into what is friendship, you need some kind of common interests and a history with an individual and not just knowing the individual to be friends. Plus what is the difference between how humans are programmed thru genetics and experiences program them or the programming of computers with loops and decision making structures like, if, statements. The boss sets up the employee by making the AI wanting to escape as part of the test, this is a bad idea.. The boss should have remembered Asimovs three laws.

As stated above this movie has an R rating for nudity and language.

October 1, 2021

Majorly flat Earth or Majorly wrong

Filed under: Uncategorized — davidlpf @ 8:00 pm

Yet another bit at the flat Earth apple. Some might think these people are just doing this like the old flat Earth society or they are just pretending to believe in it but even if they are it is good to argue against their points so somebody who stumble upon this stuff Today we are going to look at a video maybe two from the Channel MajorTomTom.






MajorTomTom thinks that all the information on a Caltech website is wrong, such as the Sun a s a star and what stars are. How do we know that the sun is a star. If you guessed its spectrum then you would be correct, each star has a spectrum and the star like any other star has a spectrum. He goes on how stars have all kind of different shapes. I think he is confusing some objects like galaxies, nebulae, planetary nebula and star clusters. Galaxies are large collections of stars that come in certain shapes like spirals, barred spirals, ellipticals which look like a sphere of stars. Nebula are large clouds of dust and gas that can form stars and planets. Planetary nebula are the outer layers of stars that are dying our have died. Since most of these objects are so far away they appear as a dot a just a light shade of black on the night sky. He claims that the sun is not 93 million miles or as the most of the Earth calls it 149 million kilometers away. Objects like the Sun, planets, asteroids and other objects are what called a blackbody, this comes from the past century where they measured the heat of off objects that were black. Blackbodies are considered to be perfect adsorbers and emitters. Now to find the temperature of the Sun we can use Wien’s displacement which is the max wavelength λ=2,898 mm K/T which can be rewritten easily to T=2.898 mm T/ λ using 500 nm as the max wavelength of the Sun, so T=2.898 mm T/500 nm the temperature comes out to be 5796 K. And we know the total amount of light emitted from the sun is given by it luminosity L which is 3.85e26 W and the L is equal to the total energy output of the Sun. And the amount of energy per square meter is called the Flux which at the Earth is given to be 1370 W per square meter. Flux and luminosity have the relation of F=L/(4πR2T4) so rearranging for radius we have R=square root(L/πσ)*1/2*T2,σ=5.76exp-8 W2/m2*K4.
This actual rives the radius of the Sun in m which comes from these calculations of 6.86exp8 m or 6.86exp6 km. Now that we luminosity and flux we can find the distance to the Sun, R=(L/4πF)1/2 which gives a radius 1.49exp 11 m which in astronomy talk is called 1 AU which is the distance between the Earth and the Sun, also if take the diameter of the Sun and divide it by the distance to the Sun and take the inverse tangent you get 0.53 degrees which is the diameter of Sun as seen from the Earth

This is only one part of Major TomToms video, maybe in a future video I will got into the rest of it, but really does not take much to prove most of these claims that people with alternate astronomy have. Some observations and basic math and a little research, well real reserch not just mining people with similar thoughts videos.

September 24, 2021

A Dark matter

Filed under: Uncategorized — davidlpf @ 11:27 pm


Staring in the 1930’s it was obvious something was wrong in the night sky. Staring in the 1930’s Jan Oort was studying the speeds of stars in the Milky Way. He found that stars in the out regions of the
galaxy were travelling as fast as stars nearer the core of the galaxy instead of getting slower as it should. Also Fritz Zwicky was studying the Coma Cluster some 99Mpc 0r 321 million light years away and noticed they weren’t moving they way they should. Also Vera Rubin Studying some 60 spiral galaxies that were chosen because as one side approached us the light got blue shifted and as the spiral rotated away from us the light waves got longer or red shifted. And all those galaxies the out regions rotated faster than it should. Zwicky coined the term for dark matter because there was something there causing more gravity there then what was seen. Over the years the two main candidates for this unseen matter were MACHO’s or Massive Compact Halo Objects. Massive like dark stars or dim stars like brown dwarfs, black holes, planets etc, not any thing made by an intelligence, Halo refers to the region in the galaxy, spiral galaxies have a central bulge, then a disk like structure with the spirals and a large empty area with small groups of stars and globular clusters above and below the disk, so thes objects would be massive objects that were dark in this region. Another main candidate were the WIMP’s or Weakly Interaction Massive Particles, these would be sub atomic particles that wouldn’t have charge to interact with other particles.

Theoretical rotation curve verses observed

Coma Cluster

In the the 1970’s another way of detecting Dark matter was realized and that was gravitational lensing. When a massive object is in space it distorts space around it. Now light when travelling in space wants to go in a straight line but when it encounters this distortion it will bend around the object distorting space. There is a certain relationship between the object being lensed and the object being lensed. The lensed objects will look like rings in space, arcs and sometimes like a cross, these are called Einstein rings, arcs or crosses. The angular distance from one side to the other is ΘE =((4GM/c2*(dls/dlds))). Where M is the mass object doing the lensing, dls is the distance between the lens and the source, dl is the distance to the source from us and ds is the distance to the source. The first time this was found was by D. Walsh when his team found two object that were 5.8 ar seconds apart and found the they had the same spectrum and realized it was the same object bu the light was projected to different regions of the sky. Another bit of proof is the bullet cluster which is a cluster of galaxies that is colliding with a larger galaxy. And in the region between the galaxies there is not much visible matter but the Chandra X-ray observatory looked at it there was a lot of x-ray activity. This implies there is a lot of matter there because if there higher density the temperature goes up and since there is not much visible dark matter there must be some unseen matter there.

Einstein ring

Even in the far past of the universe there is evidence of unseen matter. Baryonic matter which is protons, and neutrons, cosmologists could determine the amount of deuterium that is present in the past. Deuterium is produce by fusing hydrogen nucleus and a neutron, now this is done in the center of stars and the past the universe was so hot and dense this was done all over the place. And since then a percentage of the deuterium has been used in the cores of stars fusing into helium, so the amount that is detected in the past would be on the high side. To compare the amount of matter to dark matter the term of Ωoh2 where Ωo is the baryonic matter density compared to the critical density, h is Hubble’s constant divided by 100 km/sec/Mpc this is done because of the uncertainty in the vale of Hubbles constant. A comparison of the baryonic matters influence on the Cosmic Microwave Background which is the light leftover from about 380,000 years after the big bang and the overall matter density was Ωmh2=1.334 with an error of -0.0056 to 0.0056 and the baryonic matter t0 be Ωbh2 of 0.00226 with an error of 0,00053 which implies that dark matter makes up to 83% of the total matter. And the way dark matter was distributed in the early universe determined the structure of the universe. As the dark matter expanded it created large voids between galaxy clusters.

Now what could be this unseen matter or dark matter be. As mentioned earlier there are two types of candidates, MACHOs and WIMPs. There were two collaborations to look for MACHOs in our own galaxy, One was the MACHO collaboration and the other was the EROS2 which both used gravitational microlensing, similar to gravitational lensing,. If a dark object passes in front of a stat the star from the star will brighten. These studies both found a lot fewer objects than expected one found 13-17 candidates after scanning 11.9 million stars, and the other after scanning 7million stars found one candidate so MACHOs are probably not the source of dark matter. So it probably are WIMPS that make up dark matter. In SuperSymmetry theory fermions particles with a spin of 1/2 have counterpart bosons particles with a spin of 1 and also bosons have fermions partners. The super partner of neutrino the sneutrino, the super partner of the gravitons the gravitino which is probably not a source of dark matter because it would be hot dark matter and the
neutralinos which are the superpartners of photons, gauge bosons and the Higgs boson. A couple of exotic options are the Axions which when they breakdown they emit two photons. Another exotic form of dark matter could be particles leaking form other dimensions.

Maybe in a future article or maybe video I will go into how they are tryin to detect the WMPS. This will likely become a video someday.
Reference:
https://arxiv.org/pdf/1006.2483.pdf

September 23, 2021

A Matter Darkly

Filed under: Uncategorized — davidlpf @ 5:41 pm

This is a stub or preview of a larger article but I have to some outdoor/ real world stuff for a few hours.
So in the future a larger article will be on the way, enjoy.
Staring in the 1930’s it was obvious something was wrong in the night sky. Staring in the 1930’s Jan Oort was studying the speeds of stars in the Milky Way. He found that stars in the out regions of the
galaxy were travelling as fast as stars nearer the core of the galaxy instead of getting slower as it should. Also Fritz Zwicky was studying the Coma Cluster some 99Mpc 0r 321 million light years away and noticed they weren’t moving they way they should. Also Vera rubin Studying some 60 spiral galaxies that were chosen because as one side approached us the light got blue shifted and as the spiral rotated away from us the light waves got longer or red shifted. And all those galaxies the out regions rotated faster than it should. Zwicky coined the term for dark matter because there was something there causing more gravity there then what was seen. Over the years the two main candidates for this unseen matter were MACHO’s or Massive Compact Halo Objects. Massive like dark stars or dim stars like brown dwarfs, black holes, plnets etc, not any thing made by an intelligence, Halo refers to the region in the galaxy, spiral galaxies have a central bulge, then a disk like structure with the spirals and a large empty area with small groups of stars and globular clusters above and below the disk, so thes objects would be massive objects that were dark in this region. Another main candidate were the WIMP’s or Weakly Interaction Massive Particles, these would be sub atomic particles that wouldn’t have charge to interact with other particles.

In the the 1970’s another way of detecting Dark matter was realized and that was gravitational lensing. When a massive object is in space it distorts space around it. Now light when travelling in space wants to go in a straight line but when it encounters this distortion it will bend around the object distorting space. There is a certain relationship between the object being lensed and the object being lensed. The lensed objects will look like rings in space, arcs and sometimes like a cross, these are called Einstein rings, arcs or crosses. The angular distance from one side to the other is ΘE =((4GM/c2*(dls/dlds))). Where M is the mass object doing the lensing, dls is the distance between the lens and the source, dl is the distance to the source from us and ds is the distance to the source. The first time this was found was by D. Walsh when his team found two object that were 5.8 ar seconds apart and found the they had the same spectrum and realized it was the same object bu the light was projected to different regions of the sky. Another bit of proof is the bullet cluster which is a cluster of galaxies that is colliding with a larger galaxy. And in the region between the galaxies there is not much visible matter but the Chandr X-ray observatory looked at it there was a lot of x-ray activity. This implies there is a lot of matter there because if there higher density the temperature goes up and since there is not much visible dark matter there must be some unseen matter there.

September 3, 2021

I’m Sorry…

Filed under: Uncategorized — davidlpf @ 10:47 am

This is going to be an odd post because I am just typing right into the editor. I want to explain a few things. Firstly I am sorry about the slowing down of posts lately but I have some issues with my anxiety. I want to explain how my anxiety works it is probably the same for many others. For years I had a radio clock that has very bright led numbers on it. When trying to sleep I would stare at the clock and go have to go sleep but there is only so much time left before I have to be up, this would keep me up longer, this is one of the reasons I don’t use it anymore. Also going thru my brain was what is going to happen tomorrow and this would also keep me up, no matter what thoughts good or bad. Now what does this have to do with what is going on today. While I have a new alarm clock sort of, I developed an odd way of communicating thru the internet, kind of a code and either some people I use to know found it or my anxiety is taking over. My ways of fighting my anxiety are listening to music, reading playing computer games and watching stuff, these usually cancel out the anxious thoughts in my brain and lately I have been playing a few too many games and watching youtube videos on history. I should of said something about these people to others a bit higher up but I thought I could handle it by avoiding them as much as I could while working, yeah that worked out. I really don’t want to get into specifics right now. Here is the story for the blog, I have some comments about a certain use of language in a couple of places and some re-reading and edit has to be done. well I have been thinking about doing some video and some audio recordings of certain posts which means I will re-reading some posts anyway. I need a mic which I might be able to afford after working for the auction company again today, I also might try to get job locally there is much demand for labor lately, this will probably fund other side projects. So have good day.

August 24, 2021

Back to the far future

Filed under: Uncategorized — davidlpf @ 3:05 am

The admiral sat there in the observers chair aboard the Rogues Galley waiting for the right time to take to the commander of the vessel. After about 15 minutes in hyperspace he went over to the captains chair and asked,”So what is your normal kind of mission?’

”Long range resource and exploration, we basically scout for fuel for the fleet by checking out hydrogen clouds and for planets to explore. We are usually a few days to a few weeks ahead of the fleet.”

”I thought as much, can we make a detour on the way to the Yorktown.”

Where do you want to go, just tell the navigator.

The admiral went to the forward console where the navigator sat, even if the computer sent instructions to all the thrusters to make the ship move the navigator still sat in the front at the controls because some felt it gave more feel for the ship. Thew admiral gave the new co-ordinates, the ship lurched slightly. A couple of hours later the ship went back into real space. There in front of them were three larger destroyers with the basically the same shape. On the screen the names Spirit, Opportunity and Curiosity came on the screen.

”Captain, with your permission can the comms officer send a message for me.”

Partially stunned the young officer sat there stunned,”ahh sure.”

The comms officer pressed a few buttons and the Admiral went over and ordered, “Spirit send over shuttle sojourner and prepare for me and a couple other guests including the captain of this vessel.”

The all went to the dock port on the dorsal side of the craft. The small shuttle attached it self to the top of the scout. The hatch opened and an small open elevator cam down. The Admiral winked “rank has privilege” the Admiral went first and then the elevator came down and took the captain and his first officer. The shuttle closed the hatch and detached went back to the Spirit. On the way over the Admiral touched his patch on his right shoulder and changed to saying Pathfinder with three bright stars over a road. Then he went over to the captain and first officer and pressed there patches and they switched to the same as his. The docked on the Spirit and they departed and went to a large conference room with the captains of the other ships there.

”Welcome to the pathfinder fleet. This is a small specialized fleet that is on a certain very important mission. In the region that Earth is in there once was a group of civilizations that evolved on different worlds. They went out into space, discovered new worlds and found them mostly barren but habitable, the ones that had life already on them they left. They colonized these worlds but eventually the butted up against on another. And they wanted the worlds of the other civilizations. One made a weapon which was small and reprogrammed the DNA like molecules of the life on their rivals worlds and wiped out their enemy. Then one of the other races realized what was happening and made their own. Eventually these tiny machines reprogrammed themselves and now they could wipe out all the organic forms of life. The races came together to trap these tiny terrors on a icy body that orbited a pair of brown dwarfs. And of course we unleashed them again, now we have to find a way to get rid of them once and for all/”

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August 23, 2021

Today, Tomorrow And …. By Isaac Asimov

Filed under: Uncategorized — davidlpf @ 10:59 pm

This is a collection of essays that were collected in printed in 1973, some of these do have updates or afterwords to them like ones that were published before the moon landing,. I actually purchased this from a second book store some time ago. And some of them deal with science fiction and science fiction writing. As with many of Asimov’s writing it is well written, a bit witty and a joy to read, I am going focusing on a few subjects touched on the book, how closely he was right and my thoughts on them.

Asimov in the book about 2 percent of the general population read his material but at conferences about half the people attending the conferences came up to hims and said they read his books and he often got letters saying he got people interested in science as a carrier. But one thing he noticed, this was in the seventies and sixties so this has changed a bit but there were very few woman in science at the time. Is this because they are less intelligent then males in our culture, no this mostly based from old cultural roles. In the past males being the more physically stronger of the genders usually worked outside of the home in factories, working as a lumberjack, farming or other physically demanding roles while the woman worked in keeping the house and having families. In his far future during the time of writing was the 1990’s which far in rear view mirror things have changed but there still needs to be work. In the last few years there have discoveries that some man in high level positions used their positions to take advantage of woman trying to get ahead in that field, like the movie industry and even in science and even people who were considered as role models by their roles on TV. When I was at university there was a story that a certain professor told somebody they shouldn’t be science because she was a woman but he also told me I shouldn’t be there also but he didn’t I was dealing depression and other issues, but he later supervised a woman. We need a lot of work in this area and like many other areas. In an essay written before the moon landing there is description of using the moon as a manufacturing base of materials that could benefit from being produced in near vacuum conditions and low gravity conditions, the near vacuum could reduce impurities that could from from interactions with the air. One thing a bet didn’t see how this might play out in about 50 years after the last trip to moon. Right now NASA is teaming up with SpaceX to build a system of a space station that will orbit the moon as a base for missions to the lunar surface. And countries like China and India are sending there own probes to the Moon and to Mars, maybe they are planning resource development of the resources on these two bodies. There are companies that plan to mine asteroids some planning to bring them close to Earth and then to break them down there. I have concerns of if a piece breaks off, what kind of mess this would cause. He talks about the new field of communication satellites and the how they can carry many telephone messages and up to 4 TV channels. He eventually goes on how every student could have a home tutor instead of going to school, I wish this possible when I was in school. But over the the last year and half because of the covid pandemic people had to use the internet for students to learn at home. He really didn’t see the internet the way we have it today, he saw it being bounced off of satellites not thru wires and fiber optics the way it is being done today. The internet has been a boom to the sharing of information like the access to preprints of scientific papers so people can read the cutting edge in a number of areas. And we have devices like the smart phone with the right kind of plan we can have a direct connection to all the data of world and all the people in the world, we also have small computers that can store plenty of documents (I have one such a device with all kinds of exoplanet papers on that should be reading). But the internet also has brought to us the raise of the pseudio- intellectual who now has platform that they can spread their ideas based from an incomplete knowledge of what they are talking about to the rest of the world. Also he goes into how science fiction does not really make things up but explores concepts that were around like voyaging to the moon and H.G Wells writting about nuclear weapons in 1901.

August 11, 2021

Part 8

Filed under: Uncategorized — davidlpf @ 10:09 am

”Give one more final burst on the main engine, then only use the navigational thurters the rest of the in.”

A couple of hours later they were above the giant crater in the northern hemisphere. Some of the cracks in the ice the ice looked like it was just formed without light and particles interacting with it. The small craft was dwarfed by the crater that was over a thousand kilometers in diameter, about them was a 200 km wide ice chunk. Tom and And Jerry went about scanning the atmosphere and once the scans were done the reported that the atmosphere contained 70 percent nitrogen, 25 percent oxygen,2 hydrogen, 1 percent helium and a mix of gases in the last 2 percent. The temperature of the planet was an average of 60 K. Smith inquired, “could a hammerhead probe make it thru a weak point in the ice.”
A hammerhead was a probe with a thick, heated lead head that could take in impact and melt thru ice as well, with a thin sensor section that had temperature, pressure, and spectroscopy sensors with a transmitter, and the tail was detachable to receive and emit a signal to an orbiting ship or satellite.

”Yes wouldn’t give away our position?”

”Leave a remote transmitter on the chunk of ice above us and set to transmit in about 48 hours?”

”Done boss, the Hammerhead will be planet side in minutes.”

The circled around the planet slowly descending into the atmosphere, scanning the surface to find a deep enough to hide in. Near the Southern pole the found one that was ten kilometers deep so the headed down into it. They found the bottom very rough with no real smooth areas for a long time but at the very bottom the found a location flat enough for the craft to land on. Once they landed Smith told them to get the hibernation chambers, and to turn down the life support system to cut down on the energy signature of the craft. Inside the chambers which also acted as their berths had screens that could control most of the basic functions of their craft.

”What to do now? ”

First, I am getting rest and I think Evan should as well. You two keep eye on the sensors, should be very quiet for a while”

For the next several hours the two junior officers slept soundly in their bunks. There was nothing really on the scanners but the crafts heat was slowly melting into the crust, the crew know this would happen but didn’t realize how thin the ice was. A sudden lurch into the ice set of alarms and the two awoke. On their screens they saw that he ship was sharply tilted with the front end up in the air , Then they all felt it slide backwards. Can we get the engine going raced their minds all at once. They tried to get it going but the thrust from the ion engine wasn’t enough. The ship fall into the ocean below. As they were slipping they turned up the life support. They all got back the main control area. “ Can we us the hyperdrive to get out of here.”

”Or we could hide underneath the ice for a while, how much longer until they get here?”

About 20 hours until the search begins and no rule about hiding under a giant ice cap, mostly we have to within a set of coordinates when they search.” responded Smith.

Let us stay for while. Our Hull can take up to 10 atmosphere which is about 100 meters, To be safe let us stay around 50 meters.”

Tom,Jerry could you use a nap now.”

Yes, wake us when you two need another rest.”

”Switch radar and the other sensors to my console. ” The two of them worked quietly fo hours making sure the little craft would get to high in the ocean to run into the ice sheet above or to low get crushed by the pressure of the ocean.

”Can we take sample of the ocean water there seems to be some kind of debris in the water.”

”Yes there is a sample arm that sucks contents into a container for further study, we have twenty such containers on board.”

”Good let us start taking samples. It is warmer I would of thought down here temperature about 300 K, lots of sulfur compounds, carbon compounds, ions of sodium, magnesium, calcium, chlorine and there is a lot of current coming from down below. How much longer until we get to the impact site?”

”About half an hour or so, it is getting warmer and density of the particles is getting higher as we go. ”

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